Overview

Road crashes are the biggest killer of young people among the three leading causes of death for people between 5 and 44 years of age. worldwide and are estimated to cost countries 2-5% of GDP. 265 million people will be killed and injured in road crashes worldwide between now and 2030. Transportation and road safety engineers can play a significant role in saving lives and lifting this burden from society.

Road traffic injuries are a growing public health and development problem. According to World Health Organization (WHO), 1.2 million people are killed in road traffic crashes around the world each year. Most of those killed are in the prime of their lives. The road traffic deaths represent a picture of the total waste of human and societal resources from road injuries. Between 20 and 50 million people are injured or disabled by road crashes around the world (WHO)

 

Road Safety in Kenya

Between 3000 and 13 000 Kenyans lose their lives in road traffic crashes every year. The majority of these people are vulnerable road users – pedestrians, motorcyclists, and cyclists. In addition, nearly one-third of deaths are among passengers – many of whom are killed in unsafe forms of public transportation.

These statistics need to be multiplied and seen in the context of deep family tragedy, of unimaginable grief and anguish and of tremendous health and economic and disability costs. Huge sums of money are used in medical care: money that is desperately needed for preventative health care. With most people in Kenya & employed in the informal sector, and have no health or life insurance and no social security, involvement in a road traffic crash by a family member has consequences for the entire household

Projections indicate that between 2010 and 2025, some African cities, Kenya included will account for up to 85% of the population.

Road safety is a collective responsibility; Partnerships bringing together many sectors of society can promote and facilitate efforts to prevent road traffic deaths and injuries. Such partners should include; government, industry, non – governmental organizations, international agencies, professionals like road engineers, garages maintaining vehicles, law enforcement officers and community groups.

Strong political commitment is key to prevention efforts. This commitment requires adequately funded road safety policies and programs which are regularly monitored and evaluated.We are therefore seeking more partnerships to end road the carnage email us today: roadsafety (AT) safedriveafrica.org

Together We Can Save Millions of Lives

The Easter and Festive Season (December/January) period in Kenya are often the leading critical periods for road traffic management authorities.Road traffic fatalities are among the main causes of death in Kenya. This results in serious social and economic costs for the country. These consequences include the loss of family members, bread winners and leave behind traumatised families. Currently Kenya’s road fatalities remain unacceptably high at 40% road related deaths a day.

Road fatalities cost the country more than Ksh3 billion each year, diverting scarce resources from other social and economic needs of the country.Kenya is a signatory to the United Nations (UN) Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020. As such, the country has committed itself at an international level to reducing fatalities by 50% by the year 2020. This means that all the critical components that make up the “Safe Systems” approach under the 5 Pillars of the Road Safety Global Pillar must work in tandem to ensure that the greatest impact is made to offense rates and road traffic crash casualties.
Cause of accidents

The analysis of fatal crashes for the festive seasons of 2010 to 2014 and the crash trends of the recent few months have demonstrated that road crashes are caused by the following factors:

  •  Excessive speeding
  •  Drinking and driving
  •  Drinking and walking / pedestrian safety
  •  Driver fitness / fatigue
  •  Moving violations.               

Analysis of the contributory factors reveal that human factor is highest followed by vehicle and road factors.The Accident Report of 2010/11 contains the following breakdown of the contributory factors:

Human factor

  • Speed too high for circumstances (40.4%)
  • Pedestrian jay walking (32.5%)
  • Overtook when unlawful or unsafe to do so (10.6%)
  • Fatigue (3.3%)
  • Hit and run (7.0%)
  • Close following distance (5.3%

 Vehicle factor

  • Tyre burst prior to crash (63.2%)
  • Faulty brakes (21.0%)
  • Faulty steering (15.8%)

 Road factor

  • Sharp bend (50.0%)
  • Poor visibility (12.5%)
  • Poor condition of road surface (18.8%)
  • Road surface slippery or wet (12.5%)